Thursday, July 12, 2012

  • Thursday, July 12, 2012
  • Elder of Ziyon
Since the Levy Report was released, there has been a lot of heat but little light about its legal reasonings, which were in Hebrew. The only part that was released in English were its conclusions and recommendations.

Here, for the first time, is an English translation of its legal arguments. Those who try to downplay the report must find reasons why these arguments are invalid, rather than the proof by assertion that they usually resort to.


[...]

Having considered the approaches presented before us [from the Left and from the Right], we think a reasonable interpretation of the standard term of "occupation", with all the obligations arising from it, in the provisions of international law is intended to apply for short periods of occupation of a territory of a sovereign state until the end of the conflict between the parties and the return of the land or any other negotiated agreement regarding it. 

But the Israeli presence in Judea and Samaria is significantly different: the possession of the territory continues for many decades, and no one can predict its end, if at all; the territory was conquered from a state (the Kingdom of Jordan) whose sovereignty over the territory has never been firmly legalized, and in the meantime it even renounced its claim of sovereignty; the State of Israel claims sovereign rights to the territory.

As for Article 49 of the Geneva Convention, many have interpreted it, but it seems the dominant view is that  the article indeed was meant to resolve the harsh reality imposed by some states during the Second World War, when they expelled and forcibly transferred some of their inhabitants to the territories they had occupied, a process which was accompanied by a substantial worsening of the condition of the occupied population (see this HCJ ruling and this article by Alan Baker).

This interpretation is supported by a number of sources: the authoritative interpretation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), responsible for implementing the Fourth Geneva Convention, which states regarding the purpose of article 49 of the Convention:

It is intended to prevent a practice adopted during the Second World War by certain Powers, which transferred portions of their own population to occupied territory for political and racial reasons or in order, as they claimed, to colonize those territories. Such transfers worsened the economic situation of the native population and endangered their separate existence as a race.

Lawyers Prof. Eugene Rostow, Dean of Yale Law School in the US, and Prof. Julius Stone confirmed that Article 49 is intended to prohibit the same inhuman acts committed by the Nazis, i.e. a massive transfer of people into the occupied territories for the purpose of extermination, slavery or colonization:

[T]he Convention prohibits many of the inhumane practices of the Nazis and the Soviet Union during and before the Second World War - the mass transfer of people into and out of occupied territories for purposes of extermination, slave labor or colonization, for example....The Jewish settlers in the West Bank are most emphatically volunteers. They have not been "deported" or "transferred" to the area by the Government of Israel, and their movement involves none of the atrocious purposes or harmful effects on the existing population it is the goal of the Geneva Convention to prevent. (Rostow)

Irony would...be pushed to the absurdity of claiming that Article 49(6), designed to prevent repetition of Nazi-type genocidal policies of rendering Nazi metropolitan territories judenrein, has now come to mean that...the West Bank...must be made judenrein and must be so maintained, if necessary by the use of force by the government of Israel against its own inhabitants. Common sense as well as correct historical and functional context excludes so tyrannical a reading of Article 49(6.) (Julius Stone)

We do not believe that one can draw an analogy between this legal provision and those who sought to settle in Judea and Samaria not as a result of them being "deported" or "transferred" but because of their world view - to settle the Land of Israel.

We did not ignore the view of those who think that one should interpret the Fourth Geneva Convention as also prohibiting the occupying state to encourage or support the transfer of parts of its population to the occupied territory, even if it did not initiate it (on this issue see note 13 here).

But even if this interpretation is correct, we would not change our conclusion that no analogy should be drawn between Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention and Jewish settlement in Judea and Samaria, in light of the status of the territory under international law, and for that matter a brief history is required.

On 2 November 1917 Lord James Balfour, the British foreign minister, issued a declaration that "His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people", the document which was addressed to Lord Rothschild read:

His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.

In this declaration Britain recognized the Jewish people's right to the Land of Israel, and even expressed its willingness to advance a process that will eventually lead to the establishment of a national home for them in this part of the world.

This declaration appeared, in a different version, in the declaration of the San Remo peace conference in Italy which laid the grounds for the Mandate for Palestine which acknowledged the Jewish people's historic connection to Palestine (see Preamble):

The Mandatory will be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 2, 1917, by the British Government, and adopted by the other Allied Powers, in favour of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country...
Recognition had thereby been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country.

It should be emphasized here that in the Mandate (as well as in the Balfour Declaration) only the "civil and religious" rights of the inhabitants of Palestine are mentioned as rendering protection, but there is no mention of the national rights of the Arab people. And concerning the actual implementation of this declaration article 2 of the Mandate says:

The Mandatory shall be responsible for placing the country under such political, administrative and economic conditions as will secure the establishment of the Jewish national home, as laid down in the preamble, and the development of self -governing institutions, and also for safeguarding the civil and religious rights of all the inhabitants of Palestine, irrespective of race and religion.

And in article 6 of the Mandate it says:

The Administration of Palestine, while ensuring that the rights and position of other sections of the population are not prejudiced, shall facilitate Jewish immigration under suitable conditions and shall encourage, in co-operation with the Jewish agency. referred to in Article 4, close settlement by Jews, on the land, including State lands and waste lands not required for public purposes.

In August 1922 the League of Nations approved the Mandate which was given to Britain, and thus the Jewish people's right to settle in the Land of Israel, their historic homeland, and to establish their state there, was recognized in international law.

To complete the picture, we'll add that with the establishment of the United Nations in 1945, the principle of recognizing the validity of existing rights of states acquired under various mandates, including of course the rights of Jews to settle in the Land of Israel by virtue of the above documents, was determined in article 80 of its charter:

Except as may be agreed upon in individual trusteeship agreements...nothing in this Chapter shall be construed in or of itself to alter in any manner the rights whatsoever of any states or any peoples or the terms of existing international instruments to which Members of the United Nations may respectively be parties.

In November 1947 the General Assembly adopted the United Nations committee's recommendation to divide the Land of Israel west of the Jordan river into two states: one Arab and one Jewish. 

But the plan was never implemented, and therefore was not binding under international law, since the Arab states rejected it and started a war to prevent its implementation and the establishment of a Jewish state.

The outcome of the war set the political reality from now on: the Jewish state was established within the lines drawn after the war.

However, the Arab state was not established, and Egypt and Jordan controlled the territories they occupied (the Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria).

Later, the Arab states, which did not recognize the consequences of the war, demanded the armistice agreement include a statement  [*] saying that the cease-fire line should not be construed in any way as a political or territorial border.

Nevertheless, in April 1950, Jordan annexed the West Bank, unlike Egypt, which has never claimed sovereignty over the Gaza Strip.

However, Jordan's annexation was not accepted on any legal basis, and most Arab countries opposed it, until 1988 when Jordan renounced its claim to the territory (on this issue see chief justice M. Landau's comments in this HCJ ruling; and this HCJ ruling).

Thus the original legal status of the territory was restored, namely, a territory designated as a national home for the Jewish people, who had a "right of possession" to it during Jordanian rule while they were absent from the territory for several years due to a war imposed on them, and have now returned to it.

Together with the international commitment to govern the territory and ensure the rights of the local population and public order, Israel also had the full right to claim sovereignty over these territories, and all Israeli governments believed so, but they chose not to annex them and take a pragmatic approach in order to allow for peace negotiations with representatives of the Palestinian people and the Arab states.

Israel therefore did not see itself as an occupying power in the classical sense of the word, and so never saw itself committed to the Forth Geneva Convention in relation to Judea, Samaria and Gaza.

It should be added here, that the Israeli government did indeed ratify the Convention in 1951, but since it was not adopted by the Knesset (on this issue see this and this HCJ rulings) it merely issued a statement saying it will voluntarily implement the humanitarian provisions of the Convention (hereherehere and here).

As a result, Israel implemented a policy that allows the Israelis to live voluntarily in the territory in accordance with laws prescribed by the Israeli government and supervised by the Israeli legal system, while their continued presence is subject to the outcome of the negotiation process.

In light of the aforesaid, we have no doubt that from the perspective of international law, the establishment of Jewish settlements in Judea and Samaria is legal, and therefore we can proceed to discussing this question from the perspective of domestic law.

[...]



NOTE:

[*] According to article II (2) of the Armistice Agreement with Jordan:

 ...no provision of this Agreement shall in any way prejudice the rights, claims and positions of either Party hereto in the ultimate peaceful settlement of the Palestine question, the provisions of this Agreement being dictated exclusively by military considerations.

According to article VI (9) of the agreement:

The Armistice Demarcation Lines defined in articles V and VI of this Agreement are agreed upon by the Parties without prejudice to future territorial settlements or boundary lines or to claims of either Party relating thereto.





Many, many thanks to Yoel who provided this translation. (He made some minor corrections 7/15.)



I received a somewhat revised translation with paragraph numbers from Hadar, via Emet from CiFWatch. Her  comments:


I've tidied up the translation of the part of the Levy Report which was posted on EoZ.
I've made some slight adjustments to the translation of the text itself which I deemed necessary in order to clarify the points made.
I've reinstated the paragraph numbers - makes it easier to refer back to the original.
I've reinstated the footnotes with their original numbers appearing as they do in the text.
Where footnotes relate to websites, I've provided a link.
In the text, I've provided some links which do not appear in the original report - eg links to HCJ court cases referred to in the text by name/number as examples.

So here it is:



Translation Levy Report
(starting page 6, section 5, para 2)

Having considered the approaches presented before us, we think a reasonable interpretation of the standard term of "occupation", with all the obligations arising from it, in the provisions of international law is intended to apply for short periods of occupation of a territory of a sovereign state until the end of the conflict between the parties and the return of the land or any other negotiated agreement regarding it. But the Israeli presence in Judea and Samaria is significantly different: the possession of the territory continues for many decades, and no one can predict its end, if at all; the territory was conquered from a state (the Kingdom of Jordan) whose sovereignty over the territory has never been firmly legalized, and in the meantime it even renounced its claim of sovereignty; the State of Israel claims sovereign rights to the territory.

As for Article 49 of the Geneva Convention, many have interpreted it, but it seems the dominant view is that  the article indeed was meant to resolve the harsh reality imposed by some states during the Second World War, when they expelled and forcibly transferred some of their inhabitants to the territories they had occupied, a process which was accompanied by a substantial worsening of the condition of the occupied population (see  HCJ ruling 785/87 Abed Alaziz Alafu & others against Commander of IDF Forces in the Gaza Strip region and the article by Alan Baker – 'Distorting the Geneva Convention and Oslo Accords', January 2011[1])

This interpretation is supported by a number of sources: the authoritative interpretation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), responsible for implementing the Fourth Geneva Convention[2], which states regarding the purpose of article 49 of the Convention:
"It is intended to prevent a practice adopted during the Second World War by certain Powers, which transferred portions of their own population to occupied territory for political and racial reasons or in order, as they claimed, to colonize those territories. Such transfers worsened the economic situation of the native population and endangered their separate existence as a race."
Lawyers Prof. Eugene Rostow, Dean of Yale Law School in the US, and Prof. Julius Stone confirmed that Article 49 is intended to prohibit the same inhuman acts committed by the Nazis, i.e. a massive transfer of people into the occupied territories for the purpose of extermination, slavery or colonization[3][4]:
"[T]he Convention prohibits many of the inhumane practices of the Nazis and the Soviet Union during and before the Second World War - the mass transfer of people into and out of occupied territories for purposes of extermination, slave labor or colonization, for example....The Jewish settlers in the West Bank are most emphatically volunteers. They have not been "deported" or "transferred" to the area by the Government of Israel, and their movement involves none of the atrocious purposes or harmful effects on the existing population it is the goal of the Geneva Convention to prevent. "(Rostow)
"Irony would...be pushed to the absurdity of claiming that Article 49(6), designed to prevent repetition of Nazi-type genocidal policies of rendering Nazi metropolitan territories judenrein, has now come to mean that...the West Bank...must be made judenrein and must be so maintained, if necessary by the use of force by the government of Israel against its own inhabitants. Common sense as well as correct historical and functional context excludes so tyrannical a reading of Article 49(6.)" (Julius Stone)

6. We do not believe that one can draw an analogy between this legal provision and those who sought to settle in Judea and Samaria not as a result of them being "deported" or "transferred" but because of their world view - to settle the Land of Israel. We did not ignore the view of those who think that one should interpret the Fourth Geneva Convention as also prohibiting the occupying state to encourage or support the transfer of parts of its population to the occupied territory, even if it did not initiate it[5]. But even if this interpretation is correct, we would not change our conclusion that no analogy should be drawn between Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention and Jewish settlement in Judea and Samaria, in light of the status of the territory under international law, and on that matter we will open with a brief historical overview.
7. On 2 November 1917 Lord James Balfour, the British foreign minister, issued a declaration that "His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people", the document which was addressed to Lord Rothschild read:
"His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."[6]

In this declaration Britain recognized the Jewish people's right to the Land of Israel, and even expressed its willingness to advance a process that will eventually lead to the establishment of a national home for them in this part of the world. This declaration appeared, in a different version, in the declaration of the San Remo peace conference in Italy which laid the grounds for the Mandate for Palestine which acknowledged the Jewish people's historic connection to Palestine (see Preamble):
"The Mandatory will be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 2, 1917, by the British Government, and adopted by the other Allied Powers, in favour of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country...
Recognition had thereby been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country."[7]

It should be emphasized here that in the Mandate (as well as in the Balfour Declaration) only the "civil and religious" rights of the inhabitants of Palestine are mentioned as subject to protection, but there is no mention of the national rights of the Arab people. And concerning the practical implementation of this declaration, article 2 of the Mandate says[8]:
"The Mandatory shall be responsible for placing the country under such political, administrative and economic conditions as will secure the establishment of the Jewish national home, as laid down in the preamble, and the development of self -governing institutions, and also for safeguarding the civil and religious rights of all the inhabitants of Palestine, irrespective of race and religion."

And in article 6 of the Mandate it says:
"The Administration of Palestine, while ensuring that the rights and position of other sections of the population are not prejudiced, shall facilitate Jewish immigration under suitable conditions and shall encourage, in co-operation with the Jewish agency referred to in Article 4, close settlement by Jews, on the land, including State lands and waste lands not required for public purposes."

In August 1922 the League of Nations approved the Mandate which was given to Britain, and thus was decided, as a norm anchored in international law, the Jewish people's right to settle in the Land of Israel, their historic homeland, and to establish their state there.
To complete the picture, we will add that with the establishment of the United Nations in 1945, established in article 80 of its charter [is] the principle of recognizing the validity of existing rights of states acquired under various mandates, including of course the rights of Jews to settle in the Land of Israel by virtue of the above documents.  
"Except as may be agreed upon in individual trusteeship agreements...nothing in this Chapter shall be construed in or of itself to alter in any manner the rights whatsoever of any states or any peoples or the terms of existing international instruments to which Members of the United Nations may respectively be parties." (Article 80, paragraph 1, UN Charter)

8. In November 1947 the UN General Assembly adopted the recommendation of the committee it had established to divide the Land of Israel west of the Jordan river into two states: one Arab and one Jewish[9].  But the plan was never implemented, and therefore was not binding under international law, since the Arab states rejected it and started a war to prevent its implementation and the establishment of a Jewish state. The outcome of the war set the political reality from now on: the Jewish state was established within the lines drawn after the war. However, an Arab state was not established, and the territories which had been conquered by Egypt and Jordan (the Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria) were ruled by those countries. Later, the Arab states, which did not recognize the consequences of the war, demanded the armistice agreement include a statement saying that the cease-fire line should not be construed in any way as a political or territorial border[10]. Despite that, in April 1950, Jordan annexed the area of Judea & Samaria[11], unlike Egypt, which has never claimed sovereignty over the Gaza Strip. However, Jordan's annexation was not accepted on any legal basis, and most Arab countries opposed it, until 1988 when Jordan renounced its claim to the territory (on this issue see chief justice M. Landau's comments in HCJ ruling 61/80 Haetzni against the State of Israel; and HCJ ruling 69/81, 493 Abu Aita against Commander of Judea & Samaria and others).  

Thus the original legal status of the territory was restored, namely, a territory designated as a national home for the Jewish people, who had a "right of possession" to it during Jordanian rule while they were absent from the territory for several years due to a war imposed on them, and have now returned to it.

9. Alongside the international commitment to govern the territory and ensure the rights of the local population and public order, Israel therefore also had the full right to claim sovereignty over these territories, and all Israeli governments believed so, but they chose not to annex them and take a pragmatic approach in order to allow for peace negotiations with representatives of the Palestinian people and the Arab states. Israel therefore did not see itself as an occupying power in the classical sense of the word, and so never saw itself committed to the Fourth Geneva Convention in relation to Judea, Samaria and Gaza. It should be added here, that the Israeli government did indeed ratify the Convention in 1951, but since it was not adopted by the Knesset (on this issue see ruling 131/76 Kamiar against the State of Israel; and HCJ ruling 393/82 Jamat Iscaan against the Commander of IDF forces in Judea & Samaria) it merely issued a statement saying it will voluntarily implement the humanitarian provisions of the Convention (HCJ rulings 337/71 The Christian Association for Holy Places against the Minister of Defence; 256/72 The Jerusalem District Electricity Company Ltd against the Minister of Defence & others;  698/80 Qawasma & others against the Minister of Defence & others; 1661/05 Hof Azza Regional Council & others against Knesset Israel & others) . As a result, Israel implemented a policy that allows Israelis to live voluntarily in the territory in accordance with rules set by the Israeli government and supervised by the Israeli legal system, while their continued presence is subject to the outcome of the negotiation process.

In light of the aforesaid, we have no doubt that from the perspective of international law, the establishment of Jewish settlements in Judea and Samaria is legal, and therefore we can proceed to discussing this question from the perspective of domestic law.


[2] ICRC Commentary to the Fourth Geneva Convention, edited by Jean S. Pictet, [1958], p.3-9 http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/COM/380-600056?OpenDocument

[3] American Journal of International Law, Vol 84, 1990, p. 719

[4] Phillips, "The Illegal Settlements Myth", Commentary, 2010 http://www.commentarymagazine.com/article/the-illegal-settlements-myth/

[5] On this issue see [note 13 in] Alan Baker's article mentioned above in note 5, [article here] on the subject of the addition of the words "directly or indirectly" in clause 8 of the constitution of the International Criminal Court.
[10] According to article II (2) of the armistice agreement with Jordan: "no provision of this Agreement shall in any way prejudice the rights, claims and positions of either Party hereto in the ultimate peaceful settlement of the Palestine question, the provisions of this Agreement being dictated exclusively by military considerations."
 According to article VI (9) of the agreement: "The Armistice Demarcation Lines defined in articles V and VI of this Agreement are agreed upon by the Parties without prejudice to future territorial settlements or boundary lines or to claims of either Party relating thereto."
[11] http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/arabs/jordanresolution.html




Here is the text of the conclusions, taken from UNISPAL:




Conclusions and Recommendations
(Translation from the original and authoritative Hebrew text)
After having considered the terms of reference set out in the Commission's mandate, and in light of what we have heard, as well as the considerable amount of material that has been presented to us by a wide range of bodies, our conclusions and recommendations are as follows:
Our basic conclusion is that from the point of view of international law, the classical laws of "occupation" as set out in the relevant international conventions cannot be considered applicable to the unique and sui generis historic and legal circumstances of Israel's presence in Judea and Samaria spanning over decades.
In addition, the provisions of the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention, regarding transfer of populations, cannot be considered to be applicable and were never intended to apply to the type of settlement activity carried out by Israel in Judea and Samaria.
Therefore, according to International law, Israelis have the legal right to settle in Judea and Samaria and the establishment of settlements cannot, in and of itself, be considered to be illegal.
With regard to the other issues considered, our recommendations are as follows:
1. The Government is advised to clarify its policy regarding settlement by Israelis in Judea and Samaria, with a view to preventing future interpretation of its decisions in a mistaken or overly "creative" manner. We propose that such government decision include the following principles:
      a. Any new settlement in Judea and Samaria will be established only following a decision by the government or by a duly empowered ministerial committee.b. Construction within the bounds of an existing or future settlement will not require government or ministerial decision, but such construction must be approved by the planning and zoning authorities after they have ascertained that the proposed construction is not contrary to the approved town/area plan applicable to the land in question.
      c. Extension of an existing settlement beyond the area of its jurisdiction or beyond the area set out in the existing town plan, will require a decision by the Minister of Defense with the knowledge of the Prime Minister, prior to any of the following stages: commencement of planning and actual commencement of construction.
2. With regard to settlements established in Judea and Samaria on state lands or on land purchased by Israelis with the assistance of official authorities such as the World Zionist Organization Settlements Division and the Ministry of Housing, and which have been defined as "unauthorized" or "illegal" due to the fact that they were established without any formal government decision, our conclusion is that the establishment of such settlements was carried out with the knowledge, encouragement and tacit agreement of the most senior political level —government ministers and the Prime Minister, and therefore such conduct is to be seen as implied agreement.
Regarding these settlements, as well as those established pursuant to a government decision but lacking definition of their municipal jurisdiction, or without having completed the planning and zoning procedures, and as a result, have been described as "unauthorized" or "illegal", the remaining outstanding procedures should be completed as follows:
      a. The area of municipal jurisdiction of each settlement, if not yet determined, must be determined by order, taking into due consideration future natural growth.b. The administrative blockages imposed on the planning and zoning authorities must be removed immediately, so that they may fulfill
      their function of examining plans that have been submitted to them by each settlement, without any further need for additional approval by the political level.
      c. Pending completion of those proceedings and examination of the possibility of granting valid building permits, the state is advised to avoid carrying out demolition orders, since it brought about the present situation by itself.
      d. With a view to avoiding doubt, it is stressed that all the settlements, including those approved pursuant to this proposed framework, may in the future, extend their boundaries in order to respond to their needs, including natural growth, without the need for additional government or ministerial decision, as long as the proposed extension is located within the jurisdiction of the settlement, within its boundaries as set out in the approved town plan, and has received due approval from the planning and zoning authorities.
      e. Settlements established wholly or partially on land that is subject to examination as to whether it is public or private land ("seker"), are to be considered settlements whose legal status is pending. Most of these were established years ago, and it is thus necessary to accelerate the slow examination process ("seker") in all areas of Judea and Samaria, and to complete it within a fixed time period, and to this end, even consider, utilizing assistance by external bodies. Upon completion, the processing of each settlement will continue according to the results of the land examination ("seker") and determination of the type of land, in accordance with the framework proposed by us.
      f. In the event of conflicting claimants to land, it would be appropriate to adopt a policy whereby prior to any determination by the state regarding petitions for eviction or demolition, a thorough examination of the conflicting claims be conducted by a judicial tribunal dealing with land issues. This is all the more necessary with respect to claims of prior purchase or prescription, or where the possessor acted in a bona fide manner. Pending such determination, state authorities should be instructed to avoid taking any position in land conflicts and carrying out irreversible measures, such as eviction or demolition of buildings on the property.
      g. To this end and with a view to facilitate accessibility by local residents to judicial tribunals, we suggest the establishment of courts for the adjudication of land disputes in Judea and Samaria, or alternatively, extending the jurisdiction of district court judges in order to enable them to handle in their courts, land disputes in Judea and Samaria.
      h. It is necessary to draft into the security legislation a right for the public to review data banks administered by the various official bodies, including the Civil Administration, concerning land rights in the area of Judea and Samaria.
      i. With regard to the "Order concerning Interfering Use in Private Land" — we are of the view that this order must be cancelled. In the event that it is decided to keep it in force, we propose that it be amended such that any decision by an Appeals Committee will not be recommendatory but will obligate the Head of the Civil Administration to act pursuant to such decision. The Head of the Civil Administration and other interested parties may appeal the decision of the Appeals Committee before a Court for Administrative Issues, whose decision will be final. We propose that this arrangement be applied also to other decisions of the Appeals Committee, including concerning questions of "Primary Registration" of land in Judea and Samaria.
      j. The composition of the Appeals Committee should be changed. It is presently manned by uniformed reserve officers, jurists, who are, of necessity, perceived at the least to be subordinate to, and even under the command of the Head of the Civil Administration. We feel that this situation is not proper, and therefore recommend that the Appeals Committee be composed of non-uniformed jurists, a factor which would contribute to the general perception of the Appeals Committee as an independent body, acting according to its own discretion.
      k) The "Procedure for Dealing with Private Land Disputes" must be revoked. Such disputes must only be considered and adjudicated by a judicial body.
      I) Security legislation must be amended to enable Israelis to purchase land in Judea and Samaria directly, and not only through a corporation registered in the area. We also recommend that the procedures for "Primary Registration" of land rights be accelerated and completed within a reasonable and fixed time period.
      m) The Civil Administration should be instructed that there is no prohibition whatsoever on additional construction within the bounds of a settlement built on land initially seized by military order,
      and such requests should be considered at the planning stage only.
      n) We also recommend advancing the planning and declaration procedures regarding nature preserves and parks in all those areas of Judea and Samaria under Israeli responsibility.
Finally, we wish to stress that the picture that has been displayed before us regarding Israeli settlement activity in Judea and Samaria does not befit the behavior of a state that prides itself on, and is committed to the rule of law.
If as a result of this report, the message is conveyed that we are no longer in the formative stages of the creation of our state when things were done in an informal and arbitrary manner, we will be satisfied.
The proponents of settlements, including at the most senior political levels, should internalize and acknowledge the fact that all actions on this matter can only be in accordance with the law. Similarly, official governmental bodies should act with alacrity and decisiveness in fulfilling their functions to ensure that the law is duly observed.


EoZ Book:"Protocols: Exposing Modern Antisemitism"

Printfriendly

EoZTV Podcast

Podcast URL

Subscribe in podnovaSubscribe with FeedlyAdd to netvibes
addtomyyahoo4Subscribe with SubToMe

search eoz

comments

Speaking

translate

E-Book

For $18 donation








Sample Text

EoZ's Most Popular Posts in recent years

Hasbys!

Elder of Ziyon - حـكـيـم صـهـيـون



This blog may be a labor of love for me, but it takes a lot of effort, time and money. For over 14 years and 30,000 articles I have been providing accurate, original news that would have remained unnoticed. I've written hundreds of scoops and sometimes my reporting ends up making a real difference. I appreciate any donations you can give to keep this blog going.

Donate!

Donate to fight for Israel!

Monthly subscription:
Payment options


One time donation:

subscribe via email

Follow EoZ on Twitter!

Interesting Blogs

Categories

"Al-Aqsa is in danger!" lie "pro-Palestinian" @airwars @DigFind_ @IsraeliPM @LadyVelvet_HFQ #PayForSlay +972 Magazine 1844 1862 1870s 1883 1907 1908 1914 1917 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1925 1927 1929 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1940 1941 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1950 1951 1952 1956 1957 1963 1967 1968 1969 1972 1973 1974 1975 1982 1984 1986 1992 1994 1999 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2007 2008 2009 2014 2016 2017 2018 2020 2021 2022 2334 37 BCE 50 Holocausts 6 million 622 625 627 9/11 A-SAT A. Lawrence Lowell Abbas Al-Sayed Abbas liar Abdallah Kamil Abdel Wahab El-Messiri Abdulaziz Al Zayed Abdullah Al-Ashaal Abenaki ABNA Abna24 Abraham Accords Abu Ali Express Abu Mazen Abu Rudeineh Academic fraud Ad Dustor Adan Addameer Addustour Adin Haykin administrivia AFP Afrin Ahl al-Bayt News Agency Ahlam Tamimi Ahmed Abed Ahmed Al-Hila Ahmed al-Mudallal Ahmed Al-Tayeb Ahmed bin Hamad Al Khalili Ahmed Majdalani Ahmed Touba Ahmed Wehman AI Ain Samia Basic School AIPAC Aish AISHA Association for Woman and Child Protection AJP Action AK-47 Akbar El Youm Al Ahed News Al Awada Al Azhar University Al Bilad Al Haq Al Haram al Sharif Al Istiqlal University Al Jadeed TV Al Jazeera Al Mal News Al Manar Al Masry al-Youm Al Mezan Center for Human Rights Al Monitor Al Qassam Brigades Al Quds News Al Quds newspaper Al Quds University Al Resalah Al Shabab Radio Al Tagheer Al Tanf Al Watan Voice Al-Ahram al-Akhbar Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade Al-Aqsa Mosque Al-Arabiya Al-Araby Al-Jadeed Al-Binaa Al-Binna Al-Hassan bin Ali Al-Kettani Al-Hayat Al-Jadida Al-Mayadeen Al-Nas TV al-Qaeda Al-Quds Al-Sharif Al-Shuja’iyya Al-Sisi Al-Zaytoun Sports Club Alan Dershowitz AlAnkabout Alexandria Ocasio Cortez algeria Ali Abu Habla Ali Damoush Ali Mohsen Hamid Ali Samoudi Alice Walker AlKhanadeq All in the Family Allah Allenby Bridge Alsaa Amad Amalek ambivalence Ameer Makhoul American Jewish Yearbook American Jews American Muslims American Muslims for Palestine American office for Palestinian affairs Americans killed by Palestinians AmericanZionism AMIA bombing Amira Hass Ammon News Amnesty Amnesty 2022 Amnesty Australia Amnesty-UK Amsterdam Amy Klobuchar Ana Ramos Gutiérrez analysis Anata Secondary School Andre Carson Andy Levin Anhar al-Deek Anisa Abd el Fattah anniversary anti-Israel anti-normalization anti-Zionism anti-Zionist anti-Zionist not antisemitic antisemitic antisemitism Antonio Guterres Antony Blinken AOC AP apartheid apartheid lies Aquilina Al Chayeb Arab American Institute Arab antisemitism Arab apartheid Arab education Arab factions Arab Higher Committee for Palestine Arab History of Zionism Arab League Arab League Boycott Office Arab media Arab media antisemitism arab refugees Arab Spring Arabi21 Arabic Arabic21 TV Arabs Arafat Aram Ezzat archaeology Area A Area C Argentina Ari Fuld Ariel Erlich Ariel Koren Arita-7 Arrow-3 art Article 18 Article 49 Arutz-7 As-A-Jew Ashrawi ASHREI Atef Auschwitz Australia Avichai Mendelblit Avraham Avizemer Awqaf Hatem Al-Bakry Axios Ayelet Shaked B'tselem Baha'i Baha'i Espionage Party bahrain Balfour Banu Nadir Banu Qaynuqa Banu QurayUa Bar Kochba revolt Baron Thomas of Gwydir baseless hatred Bassam Al Yassin Bassam al-Salihi Bassam Jarrar Bassem Saadi Bassem Yassin Battir Battle of Uhud bbc BDS BDSFail Bedouin Beit Hanina Beit Hanina Community Center Beit Hanoun Beit She'an Beitar Beitunia Bellingcat Ben & Jerry's Ben Caspit Ben Gurion Airport Ben-Dror Yemini Benesch Beni Suef University Benjamin Mazar Benny Gantz beoz Berkeley Law Bernie Sanders Beth Miller Bethany Mandel Bianco Resort Biden history Big Lie Bild Bioethics and the Holocaust birthrate Birthright Black Lives Matter Black September blame Israel blame Jews BLM blood libel Blue Laws Blue Line Boaz Levy book review Boston Marathon boycott brainwashing Brant Rosen breaking the silence bribery British Mandate Brooklyn Buenos Aires building permit by any means necessary Bzura CAIR Cairo Call to Prayer calm rewards CAMERA Campus antisemitism Can't have nice things Canada Captain C. R. Conder Cardozo Caroline Glick Carry Knoops-Hamburger cartoon of the day cast of thousands casualty list Cave of the Patriarchs CEDAW censorship Center for Middle East Studies chabad Chaim Levon Chaim Weizmann chain of custody Chakindas Channel 14 Chanukah Charbel Abou Daher Chicago Tribune child soldier China Chris Woods Christian Arab antisemitism Christians CIA circumcision civilian casualties CJ Werleman Clark Kent CNN CNN Arabic Cobb County School District coexistence coffee Col. Arik Moyal collaboration college campuses collusion colonialist state Comix Commission of Inquiry Committee to Protect Journalists Community Standards concentration camp Gaza condolences conflation Congregation T'chiyah conspiracy theories constitution Convention for the Protection of War Victims cooking gas corruption Council of Arab Information Ministers Council of the Jewish Religion in the Kurdistan Region counterterrorism COVID-19 crime crime scene cult cult of personality Cyprus Da'wah Daily News Egypt Daled Amos Dalia Hatuqa Dan Crenshaw DANA Global Daniel Gordis Daniel Levy Daniel Lewin Daphne Anson dar al-harb dark money Darren Bailey Dave Bender David Alroy David Applebaum David Ben Gurion David Duke David Friedman David Miller David Rovics Davis report DC comics DC universe DCI-P Deadly Exchange death penalty Death to Israel Death to Palestine Debbie Wasserman Schultz Deborah Lipstadt defending terrorism Defense for Children-Palestine Defense Update defund the police Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine Democrats demographic bomb demons Denis Michael Rohan Deseret Evening News destroying evidence DFLP dhimmi dictatorship dignity disability rights discrimination Disney disunity Divest This dogs Dome of the Rock Donald Trump Donna Edwards Dore Gold double standards Dr. Atef Abu Seif Dr. Ayman Al-Atoum Dr. Bassam al-Amoush Dr. Ghazi Hussein Dr. Hagai Mazuz Dr. Hassan al-Momani Dr. Khalid bin Muhammad Al-Yousuf Dr. Nadia Helmy Dr. Rudolf Ramm Dr. Tariq As-Suwaidan Dr. Walid al-Qatati drone Druze durban conference East Jerusalem East Side Elementary Echorouk Online Edmonton Journal Edom Edomites education Edy Cohen Efrat Gilad Egypt Eid al Adha Eilat Ein Samia spring Eitan Naeh Elad Elaosboa Elbit Systems Elder gets results ElderToons electricity Electronic Intifada Elia Grozman Ellen Horowitz Embassy Emir Abdullah EoZ Trump symposium eoz-symposium EoZNews eoztv Erekat Erekat lung transplant Erwin Chemerinsky ESG ethics ethnic cleansing EU Eugene Rostow Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor Euro-Mid Observer European antisemitism evil eye experts Facebook Facebook jail fact check failed rockets failed state Fake Civilians 2014 Fake Civilians 2019 Fake Civilians 2021 Fake Civilians 2022 family values FARA Farrakhan Fashion Sport Fatah fatwa fauxtography featured Features Felesteen Fervent Embrace fifth column Finance Ministry Financial Times firebombs fisking flood libel flotilla football Foreign Agents Registration Act foreign policy Forensic Architecture forensic evidence Forest Rain Fortnightly Review Forward Foundation for Middle East Peace Francesca Albanese Fred Wiseman free gaza free press Freedom and Justice Gate Freedom of Assembly Freedom of Employment Freedom of Expression Freedom of Movement freedom of press palestinian style Freedom of Religion Freedom of the Press Friday prayers fuel Fund for Policy Reform future martyr Garlasco Gary Spedding gaza gaza beach Gaza Brigade Gaza Ministry of Tourism Gaza Platform gender equality Geneva Convention genocide George Galloway George Habash George McGhee George Noll George Salem George Soros Georgia German Jewry Germany Gerold Frank Gestapo Gharqad Ghassan Al-Rajabi Ghassan Daghlas gideon levy gilad shalit gisha Glenn Ivey globalize the intifada Globes glorifying terror GnasherJew Goldstone Report Good news google Google Maps graffiti Grand Hotel Ramallah Grapel gratitude grave marker Greater Israel Green Pine radar Guardian guest post gunness H.R.5334 H1N1 Haaretz Hadassah Haifa Haj Amin al-Husseini Haley Stevens Hamad Abu Jildah Hamada al-Farana hamas Hamas war crimes hammer Hanan Ashrawi Hananya Naftali Hani Almadhoun Hansell Memo Harb Hotel Kit-Kat Casino Harvard hasbara Hasby 2014 Hasby 2016 Hasby 2018 HaSharon Mall Hassan Asfour Hassan Diab Hassan II Mosque Hassan Mansour Hassan Nasrallah hate crimes hate speech havdalah Hazem Qassem Heba Al-Danaf Hebrew Hebrew University of Jerusalem Hebron Hector Hajjar helen thomas Hend F Q Herbert Samuel Herman Heukels Hezbollah Hiba Husseini High Holidays hijacking HillelNeuer history Hitler Holland Holocaust Holocaust denial Holocaust distortion Holocaust inversion Holocaust minimization honor killing honor/shame house demolition Houthi HRW hum Human Rights human rights crime human shields Humanitarian crisis humiliation humor Humpty Dumpty Hussein al-Sheikh Hussein Taha hypnotism Hypocrisy IAI Ibrahim Nablusi Ibrahimi Mosque Ibrahini Mosque ICC ICRC IDF Idumeans IfNotNow IHRA IJ Benjamin Ikrima Sabri Ilan Pappe Ilhan Omar illegal structure Im Tirtzu Imam Saleh Bin Al-Humeid IMF impossible peace IMPRESS incitement indigenous Indonesia Indonesian International Book Fair Ine Eriksen Soereide infertility infographic Institute for Social Policy and Understanding Institute for the Study of Global Antisemitism and Policy International Association of Judges international conventions International Jewish Collective for Justice in Palestine international law International Quran News Agency Interpol intersectionality interview intifada intransigence IOTPA iran Iran International Iranian Labour News Agency Iranian proxies Iraq Iraqpundit Iron Beam Iron Dome Isa Qassim ISGAP Islam Islamic Action Front Islamic Jihad Islamic Jihad war crimes Islamic Judeophobia Islamic Nationalist Congress Islamism Islamophobia Ismail Haniyeh Ismat Mansour Israel Israel Hayom Israel is Apartheid Israel lobby Israel Loves America Israel Shahak Israel Space Agency Israel under attack Israeli Arabs Israeli culture Israeli Embassy Israeli high-tech Israelis Isreal Isser Coopersmith Izz al-Din Shuheil al-Masri J Street Jabalia jabalya Jabari Jabriya Abu Qinas Jacky Rosen Jalal Aref James Zogby Jamil Youssef Al-Shaboul Jan Grabowski Janina Struk Jared Kushner Jassem Al-Jurid Javaid Rehman JCPA JCPOA Jedwabne Jeff Benay Jenin Jeremy Appel Jeremy Ben Ami jeremy bowen Jerusalem Jerusalem Arabs Jerusalem Declaration Jerusalem Pharmaceuticals Jerusalem Post jew hatred Jew in Name Only Jewish Agency Jewish Agency for Palestine Jewish Agency for the Land of Israel Jewish antisemite Jewish bankers jewish fiction Jewish geography Jewish Institute for National Security in America Jewish Lives Matter Jewish lobby Jewish prayer Jewish privilege Jewish refugees Jewish soldiers Jewish State Jewish supremacy Jewish Voice for Peace Jews Jews control the world Jews for Andy Jews for Rashida Jews from Arab lands Jews have always been Zionist Jews of Cairo jihad jimmy carter jinn JINO JINSA Jody Barrett Joe Biden John Fetterman John Hycranus John Kerry jokes jonathan cook Jordan Jordan is Palestine Jordanian Bar Association Joseph Massad Joseph's Tomb JTA Juan Cole Judaism judaization Judea-Samaria Judean Rose Judenfrie Judith Butler justifying antisemitisnm Kairos Kamel Abdallah Alawneh kangaroo court Kanopus-V Karama karate Karen Bekker Karen Hajioff Karish gas field Karl Vick KashmirWatch keffiyeh Keith Ellison Ken Burns ken roth Kenneth R. Stern Kerem Shalom Kevin Macdonald Khaled Abu Toameh Khaled Mansour Khaled Meshaal khalid amayreh Khalil Attia Khan Younis Khaybar Khaybar Sheikan Khayyam Khazar Khazar libel kill jews King Abdullah King herod King Hussein Bridge Kiryat Arba kleptocracy knife intifada Know How to Answer Kohanim Kohelet Policy Forum Koran Kotel Kotel HaKatan Kristyan Benedict KSA Ksenia Svetlova KUNA Kurdistan Kurdistan 24 Kuwait Kweansmom lab-grown meat Lahav Harkov land for peace laser defense Latrun Law Students for Justice in Palestine Lea Hadad League of Nations Lebanon Lech Yerushalayim leftists legal combatants legitimate military target lemonade Levant 24 life after wartime Life Of Jews In Arab Lands Linda Sarsour Linkdump Lior Hiaat Liverpool living with shame Liza Behrendt LOAC logical fallacy Long War Journal losing the war lost in translation lumish Ma'aan Maarat HaMachpelah Maariv Made in Israel Madees Khoury Madina Mahmoud Abbas Mahmoud al-Habbash Mahmoud Shtayyeh mahmoud zahar Maimonides Institute for Medicine Ethics & The Holocaust Mairav Zonszein Maj. Bar Falach Majed Faraj Majid Al-Fatiani Malaysia male violence Malki Roth Manchester Guardian Manchester United Maor Zemach Marc Lamont Hill Marcia Freedman Marietta Marjorie Taylor Greene Marty Gilbert martydom Martyrs Fund Martyrs of Uhud Marwan Bishara Masafer Yatta mashup mass grave Matan Peleg Matt Duss max blumenthal Maysir al-Dahamsheh Mazen Adi Mazen Al-Jabari Mazen Ghanem McGraw-Hill meat production media media bias media silence medical school Medina Mehdi Hasan Mehr News memes memri Menachem Begin MEP MEPPA Methodist Michael Lynk Michael Ross Michel Bahum Miftah Mike Pompeo Miloon Kothari mind control missiles Missionaries moderate Islam Moderate Palestinians Modern Diplomacy Mohamed Abdalrasool Mohamed Ahmed Abdel-Fattah Al-Madhoun Mohamed Ahmed Saleh Hussein Mohamed Kharroub Mohamed Salah Mohamed Shtayyeh Mohammad al-Mahdi Mohammad Shtayyeh Mohammed Ahmed Nasrallah Mohammed Assaf Mohammed Barham Abu Draz Mondoweiss moonbats Mordechai Morningstar Morocco Mosab Shtayyeh Moshe Dyan Moshe Patel Moshe Zak Mossad Mounir Chafiq Mowaffaq Matar MSNBC Mudar Zahran Mufti of Jerusalem Muhammad al-Durrah Muhammad bin Abdul-Karim al-Issa Muhammad Hamid Muhib Nabulsi Mukhareq Ibn al-Nadir Munich Munther al-Hayek murder Musa Rahhal music Muslim antisemitism Muslim Brotherhood Muslim education Muslims Mustafa Nasrallah mutual agreement Muwaffaq Sahweil Nabil Abu Rudeineh Nablus Nadia Fawaz Nadim Khoury Naftali Bennett Naharnet Nahum Shahaf Nakba Nan Greer Naomi Paiss Nasr Mahdi Nasri Shtayyeh Nasser al-Atefi Nasser al-Lahham Nassim Yassin Nation of Islam National Union of Judges Natural gas Navi Pilly Nazi Nazi Eagle Nazi Germany Nazi memorabilia Nebi Musa Ned Price Negev negotiations nepotism Netanya Netanyahu new york city New York Daily News New York Times News newspeak nftp NGO NGO lies NGO monitor NGO silence Nick Cannon Nidaa al-Watan NIF Nimr Yassin Madhoun Nizar Banat NLRB No Jews No News no-go zone Noah Phillips None is too many Noora Jebreal normalization norpac Northern Cyprus Norway NPR NSU Matrix NYT Occupation occupied Palestine occupied territory Oded Yinon offbeat olive oil Olympic massacre Omar Barghouti Omri Boehm One Day in September Online Journal Only in Israel op-ed open air prison Open Society Foundations Operation Benjamin Operation Breaking Dawn Operation Guardian of the Walls Opinion opinion poll osama bin laden Oslo Accords oxfam PA corruption paid trolls Pakistan PalArab lies Palestine palestine media watch Palestine Museum Palestine Papers Palestine Resistence Committees Palestine Times Palestine Today Palestinian Palestinian antisemitism Palestinian Authority Palestinian Bar Association Palestinian Constitutional Court Palestinian culture Palestinian education Palestinian Information Center in English Palestinian Legislative Council Palestinian media Palestinian National Covenant Palestinian Press Agency Palestinian propaganda Palestinian Return Center Palestinian Security Forces Palestinian sovereignty Palestinian Supreme Fatwa Council Palestinian territories Palestinians pallywood palwatch Park Hotel parkour Passover pay for slay pchr PCPSR PCUSA peace Peace Now peace treaty Peel Commission Pesach Peter Beinart Peter Chamberlin Peter Pomerantsev Peter Thomas Petra Petra MB Pew survey PFLP Philippe Lazzarini philosophy PIJ Pioneers of Tomorrow pipe dream PLC PLO PMO Israel PMW poetry pogrom Poland political lobbying poll Popular Resistance Movement in Palestine positive reinforcement Poster poverty Preoccupied President Biden President Trump Priscilla Roberts Prisoners pro-Palestinian Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Prof. David Weisburd Project Nimbus propaganda protest Proud to be Zionist proxy war psychological projection Psychology Today Puar Purim purimshpiel Putin Qaradawi Qassam calendar Queen Esther quiet rewards Quora quotas Rabbi Jacob Herzog Rabbi Levi Duchman Rabbi Natan Ofner Rachel Ehrenfeld Rachel's Tomb racism Radzilow Rafael Rafah Rahalah Rai al Youm Rai al-Youm rally Ramallah Ramallah Live Ramon Airport Ramy Abdu Rashid Hassan Rashida Tlaib Ray Hanania Raya real liberals RealJerusalemStreets Reconstructionist Judaism recycled news reference refugees rejectionist religious tolerance Reporters without Borders Republican Jewish Coalition Republicans resistance Retribution is Life Reuters revisionist history Rex Tillerson Richard Falk Richard Landes Richard Silverstein Right of return Rina Shnerb Rivkah Lambert Adler Riyad Al-Maliki Roa Yora Robert Werdine rocks Roe vs Wade rogel alpher roger cohen roger waters Rome Statute Ronald Lauer rules of engagement running shoes Russia Rutgers Ruth bat-Seraph Saba Saba news Sabbath Laws Saeb Erekat Saed Abu Ali Safa Safwat Higazi Said Arikat Salah Hamouri Saleh Abu Muslim Salfit SAM Sam Ben Sheetrit Sama News Sanad Abu Atiyeh Sander Gerber Sarah Schulman Sarah Yocheved Rigler Sasson Somekh Saudi Arabia Saudi Council of Senior Scholars saudi vice Sawaleif Sbarro Pizza SC Res. 2334 scam second intifada See Shoot self-death self-death palestinians self-defense self-identity selling land to Jews Senator Cotton Senator Lindsey Graham Senator Ted Cruz Seraph Seth Frantzman Seth Rogen settlements Settlers sex crimes SFSU Shahar Saad Sharia Shawan Jabarin Shebab News Agency shechita Shehab News Sheik Jarrah Sheikh Bassam Al-Saadi Sheikh Dr. Bassam Jarrar Sheikh Dr. Saad bin Nasser Al-Shathri Sheikh Hefzy Abu Sneina Sheikh Hussein Bridge Sheikh Ikrima Sabri Sheikh Mohammed Yazbek Sheikh Omar Al-Kiswani sheikh tamimi Sheikh Waheed Abdul Salam Bali Sheikha Hind bint Faisal Al Qasimi Sheikha Mai bint Mohammed Shelly Yachimovich Shield of David Shireen Abu Akleh shofar Shujaiyeh Simchat Torah Simin Fahandej Simona Sharoni Sinai Sir Lauterpacht soccer SodaStream Solomon's Stables sons of apes and pigs sorcerers sorcery Souq Al Qattanin South Africa Southern Syria Sovereignty Soviet Union Soyuz-Victan Space.com Speech Spencer Cox sports federations spy ring stamps Stanley Fischer Star of David Starbucks state of emergency StateDept Steven Bondy StopAntisemitism storming Al-Aqsa substandard construction Suhair Fahd Jaradat suicide bombing summer camp Superman superpowers supporting terror surface-to-air missile Suria El Jenobia sustainability Syria Syria Justice and Accountability Center Szczuczyn Taha Ghayyur Talumdic rituals Tamer Abu Bakra Tarabin Tawfiq Al-Tirawi Taybeh Taybeh beer television Temple Mount Temple Mount Sifting Project terr terror attack terror training terror victims Terrorism terrorist attack terrorist settlers Terrorists in Suits The Adventures of Robin Hood The Arc of a Covenant The Economist the Founder The Jewish Welfare Board The Laws of Armed Conflict The Media Line The New Arab The pawns of the Middle East The Rise of Ideologically Motivated Violent Extremism in Canada The View This is Zionism Thomas Friedman TikTok Times of Israel TIPH Tisha B'Av Tlaib Tohar Butbul TOI Tomer Ilan torture Tour de France Tourism toxic masculinity TPUSA trade deal Transjordan Trump Trump Lame Duck Test Trygve Lie tsunami of lies Tunisia Turkey two-state solution UAE UAE Accord UAV UCI UK Ukraine Ultrapal UN UN Human Rights Council UN OCHA UN Special Rapporteur UNCOI UNDP UNDRDP unesco UNGA 181 UNHCR unhrc UNICEF UNIFIL unintended consequenses United Arab Emirates United Nations United States Security Coordinator Unity University of Bern University of Vermont University of Wisconsin-Madison unrealistic unrwa UNRWA hate unrwa reports UNRWA-USA UNSCOP UNSCR 1701 UNSCR 242 unwra USA USAID useful idiots USSC vaccination Varda Vermont Vic Rosenthal victimhood violence against women Visa applications Vladimir Putin vodka volleyball Wadi Haddad Wafa Wafa News Agency Walid Fayyad Walter Russell Mead Wansee WaPo Waqf Washington Washington Digest Washington Examiner Washington Institute for Near East Policy Washington Post Watanserb Wattan.net Western Wall wheelchairs Whoppi Goldberg wikileaks William Bruckart Willy Brandt wine Winstanley Winston Nagan Witchcraft women in combat women's rights work accident work permits World Bank World Federation of Moroccan Jewry World Jewish Congress World Press Freedom Day World War I X-washing Y. Ben-David Yahya Sinwar Yair Lapid Yair Ramati Yamit Yaser Khalaf Yasser Arafat Yatta Yehuda Glick Yehuda Gluck Yemen Yeshiva Reuta Yevhen Korniichuk Yitzhik Ben-Israel YMikarov Ynet yoga Yom Kippur Yom Kippur War Yossi Melman Youseff Romano Youssef Qaddoum Youssef Salman Muhammad Qaddoum z can't make this stuff up zahran Ziesel Zionism Zionist zionist attack zoo Zionist entity Zionist invasion Zionist project Zionist propaganda Zionist spies Zionophobia Ziophobia ZOG ZOG lies Zvi

Best posts of the past 6 months

 


A new, better definition of antisemitism


Blog Archive