Is Abbas there as leader of the PLO or president of the PA? According to his own words, he is not representing the PA government at all! The entire legal question of what his authority exactly is has been bypassed by the organizers of this meeting. One would think that this is pretty important.
“The representatives of the government of the state of Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization, represented respectively by Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and President Mahmoud Abbas, in his capacity as chairman of the P.L.O. Executive Committee  and president of the Palestinian Authority, have convened in Annapolis, Maryland, under the auspices of President George W. Bush of the United States of America, and with the support of the participants of this international conference, having concluded the following joint understanding.
“We express our determination to bring an end to bloodshed, suffering and decades of conflict between our peoples; to usher in a new era of peace, based on freedom, security, justice, dignity, respect and mutual recognition; to propagate a culture of peace and nonviolence; to confront terrorism and incitement, whether committed by Palestinians or Israelis.
"In furtherance of the goal of two states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security, we agree to immediately launch good-faith, bilateral negotiations in order to conclude a peace treaty resolving all outstanding issues, including all core issues, without exception, as specified in previous agreements.
“We agree to engage in vigorous, ongoing and continuous negotiations and shall make every effort to conclude an agreement before the end of 2008. For this purpose — [there is a brief break in the audio here] — committee led jointly by the head of the delegation of each party will meet continuously as agreed.
“The Steering Committee will develop a joint work plan and establish and oversee the work of negotiations teams to address all issues, to be headed by one lead representative from each party. The first session of the Steering Committee will be held on 12 December 2007. President Abbas and Prime Minister Olmert will continue to meet on a biweekly basis to follow up the negotiations in order to offer all necessary assistance for their advancement.
“The parties also commit to immediately implement their respective obligations under the performance-based road map to a permanent two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict issued by the Quartet on 30 April 2003 — this is called the road map — and agreed to form an American-Palestinian and Israeli mechanism led by the United States to follow up on the implementation of the road map.
“The parties further commit to continue the implementation of the ongoing obligations of the road map until they reach a peace treaty. The United States will monitor and judge the fulfillment of the commitment of both sides of the road map. Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, implementation of the future peace treaty will be subject to the implementation of the road map as judged by the United States.”
Let's look at that PLO logo:
And let's look at that Fatah logo (for which Abbas is also the nominal leader):
Their very symbols are incitement to violence and to the destruction of Israel.
The first sentence of Phase 1 of the Roadmap says "In Phase I, the Palestinians immediately undertake an unconditional cessation of violence according to the steps outlined below; such action should be accompanied by supportive measures undertaken by Israel." So now the US will determine whether they have done so?
Here is a list of the major terror attacks that occurred Between 1993 and 2000, during the "peaceful" years of Oslo and before the Intifada:
|November 7, 1999||Netanya||27 Wounded||Hamas||3 Pipe Bombs|
|August 10, 1999||Nahshon Junction||6 Wounded||Hamas||Car Plows into Crowd (Twice)|
|November 6, 1998||Jerusalem||2 Killed, 20 Wounded||Islamic Jihad||2 Suicide Bombers|
|October 29, 1998||Gush Katif||1 Killed, 8 Wounded||Hamas||Suicide Bomber Attacks School Bus|
|October 19, 1998||Be'er Sheva||59 Wounded||Hamas||Grenades Thrown at Central Bus Station|
|October 11, 1998||Hevron||18 Wounded||Hamas||2 Grenades Injure Palestinians and Israelis|
|August 27, 1998||Tel-Aviv||14 Wounded||Hamas||Bomb In Dumpster|
|August 20, 1998||Tel Rumeiyda||Rabbi Killed||Hamas||Fire Bomb & Stabbing|
|September 4, 1997||Jerusalem||4 Killed, 181 Wounded||Hamas||3 Suicide Bombers at Pedestrian Mall|
|July 30, 1997||Jerusalem||15 Killed, 178 Wounded||Hamas||2 Suicide Bombers at Outdoor Market|
|March 21, 1997||Tel-Aviv||3 Killed, 48 Wounded||Hamas||Bomb at Restaurant|
|March 4, 1996||Tel Aviv||20 Killed, 75 Wounded||Islamic Jihad||Suicide Bomber at Mall|
|March 3, 1996||Jerusalem||19 Killed, 6 Wounded||Hamas||Suicide Bomber on Bus|
|February 25, 1996||Ashkelon||2 Killed||Hamas||Suicide Bomber at Bus Stop|
|February 25, 1996||Jerusalem||26 Killed, 80 Wounded||Hamas||2 Suicide Bombers on Bus|
|July 24, 1995||Ramat Gan||6 Killed, 31 Wounded||Hamas||Suicide Bomber on Bus|
|June 25, 1995||Neve Dekalim||3 Wounded||Islamic Jihad||Explosives-ladden Cart|
|April 9, 1995||Gaza||8 Killed, 50 Wounded||Hamas & Islamic Jihad||2 Suicide Bombers|
|January 22, 1995||Beit Lid Junction||21 Killed, 69 Wounded||Islamic Jihad||2 Suicide Bombers at Bus Stop|
|December 25, 1994||Jerusalem||13 Wounded||Hamas||Suicide Bomber at Bus Stop|
|November 11, 1994||Netzarim Junction||3 Killed, 6 Wounded||Islamic Jihad||Suicide Bomber on Bike|
|October 19, 1994||Tel Aviv||22 Killed, 56 Wounded||Hamas||Suicide Bomber on Bus|
|October 9, 1994||Jerusalem||2 Killed, 14 Wounded||Hamas||2 Gunmen Open Fire|
|April 13, 1994||Hadera||5 Killed||Hamas||Suicide Bomber|
|April 6, 1994||Afula||8 Killed||Hamas||Car Bomb next to Bus|
This level of violence was considered "acceptable" by the architects of Oslo, so much so that they were not even part of the calculus as Barak, Arafat and Clinton tried to come up with a final solution. In other words, multiple major terror attacks every year was considered just dandy by the United States and the Barak government.
So is the US qualified to say today that this is an acceptable level of terror that should be rewarded with a state?
The only concrete acts that has reduced terror since Oslo was Operation Defensive Shield in 2002 and the building of the separation fence. No "peace" agreement or accord has done more; on the contrary, they have been consistently counterproductive.
Annapolis is highly likely to continue this trend, with the added problem of a deep extra helping of wishful thinking and willful blindness towards terror attacks and attempts.