Monday, September 05, 2022

09/05 Links Pt1: Kill Salman Rushdie, not the Iran Deal!; IDF probe finds ‘high probability’ soldier accidentally killed Shireen Abu Akleh; Liz Truss, Friend of Israel, Becomes UK’s 56th PM

From Ian:

'Kill Salman Rushdie, not the Iran Deal!'
The response to the assault on Rushdie is especially striking when compared to that of the killing of Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi journalist and former government official, who broke with the Saudi government and moved to Washington, where he became a dissident and wrote a column for the Washington Post.

The brutal killing of Khashoggi by agents of the Saudi government was front-page news for many months and continues to be mentioned whenever Saudi Arabia is discussed, and always with the allegation that the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is personally responsible for the murder. After a few weeks of denial, the Saudi government accepted responsibility and arrested and tried the perpetrators. More importantly, the Saudis promised never to engage in extra-judicial and extra-territorial killings again.

The contrast between the two cases begs the question of why Iran’s now successful sponsorship of violence against Rushdie is being glossed over, even though Tehran also recently tried to assassinate several former US government officials who are now under Secret Service protection. The silence is likely because the Biden administration is desperate to re-enter the nuclear deal with Tehran, even as Iran reportedly refuses, as part of the deal, to renounce the prospect of killing US government officials. One view is that an agreement will also lead to extra Iranian oil barrels and thus a decrease in the price of oil at the pump, which will help the Democrats in the upcoming November elections.

Another reason why the perpetrators of the attack on Rushdie are ignored is because he is seen to have offended Muslims and insulted Islam. Khomeini’s false claims about Rushdie are taken at face value and thus he deserves what he gets just as the satirical journalists of Charlie Hebdo also got their comeuppance. This ugly logic, which masquerades as respect for other cultures, is insulting to Muslims because it associates their faith with Iran’s state-sponsored campaign of violence. And, in fact, a close reading of Rushdie’s books shows that he also had deep appreciation for the beauty and achievements of Islamic civilization—see among other books his The Moor’s Last Sign or The Enchantress of Florence.

Iran’s official response to the recent attack has been to blame Rushdie and claim that he deserved what he got while coyly denying direct involvement. The death sentence is still up on the Internet and praise fills Iranian newspapers for the attempt on the author’s life. In sharp contrast, the Muslim World League’s Secretary General, Sheikh Muhammad al-Issa, called the attack on Rushdie a crime that Islam does not condone. One of the leading Islamic authorities in the world, and a cleric sponsored by Saudi Arabia, condemned the attack as a criminal act, thereby rejecting the weaponization of Islam for political ends.

The difference between the governments in Tehran and Riyadh could not be clearer. Yet because the White House is intent on reviving the nuclear deal, large sections of America’s political and media elites seem bent on erasing reality in favor of a fantasy that a peaceful Iran will emerge after the deal and will be “integrated” with its neighbors. What happened on stage in Chautauqua, New York should be a warning that deal or no deal the Iranian regime will continue to pursue violent means and use religion for its political ends.
For Iran, It Is All about the Breakout Time
Over the past 18 months, the world has been watching the U.S. play a match of regional tennis: the nuclear talks with Iran. Tehran and the West have each been hitting the ball back and forth. We occasionally get news about the deal being "closer" or that the latest draft is "the final offer" and that it is "just a matter of days" or that "the window is closing." Both sides prefer this process to play itself out forever, very much like various inconclusive sporting events.

Iran is hardly the most pressing issue on the U.S. foreign policy docket. As for Iran, time is on its side, because a protracted process allows it to continue with the nuclear program. Enrichment levels have already reached 60% purity levels; Tehran's coffers from trade have been filling up, in part because of the rise in oil and fuel prices and Chinese consumption; and Russia has been buying Iranian arms.

The talks have allowed Iran to divert attention from what it really cares about: shortening the time it would take to reach a bomb -- the breakout time -- to zero. This means it would be ready to break toward a nuclear weapon once the talks collapse, and by the time the U.S. comes up with a Plan B, it will have already gotten a bomb.

For Iran, the never-ending tennis match is just a ruse for the real game. From what has been reported in the media, the breakout time currently stands at several weeks. One can assume that Iran will not be foolish enough to show their hand, holding some cards close to the chest. Thus, when the talks are history, they will break toward the bomb, and the U.S. will face an excruciating dilemma it had wanted to avoid all along: accepting a nuclear-armed Iran or a bloody war with the murderous regime in Tehran.
WSJ: Israel Makes Final Push to Shape Restored Iran Nuclear Deal
The Israeli government has in recent days broken with its quiet approach to diplomacy on the Iran deal negotiations. "This deal isn't a good deal. It was not a good deal when it was signed back in 2015. Today, the dangers it entails are even greater," said Mr. Lapid in a briefing to journalists last week.

A U.S. official said Israel's election season was partly responsible for the more heated rhetoric coming from politicians there around the deal, which is broadly unpopular in Israel. The Biden administration has kept Israel closely informed about the negotiations, said people familiar with the discussions, allowing Israel to nudge privately against concessions and potentially heighten Washington's sensitivity to Israel's concerns, leading the U.S. to tread more carefully.

U.S. officials say a restored deal would substantially curtail Iran's nuclear program, remove most of its stockpile of enriched uranium and oblige Iran to remove hundreds of advanced centrifuges that produce enriched uranium. It would increase Iran's breakout time -- how quickly it can produce enough nuclear fuel for one weapon -- to six to seven months compared with the current time span of a few weeks.

Israeli officials say restoring the 2015 deal now is dangerous because Iran has made so much progress on its nuclear program since then. The agreement has sunset provisions that essentially allow Iran to enrich unlimited amounts of uranium by 2030.

"Liz Truss, Friend of Israel, Becomes UK’s 56th Prime Minister"
Lucky for us, Prime Minister Truss is a great friend of Israel. Last January, she and then Foreign Minister Yair Lapid announced a new decade-long deal aimed at stopping Iran from developing nuclear weapons. “We will work night and day to prevent the Iranian regime from ever becoming a nuclear power,” the two foreign ministers wrote in a joint article for the Daily Telegraph, on the same day that talks on renewing the Iran nuclear deal restarted in Vienna.

And this past August, she promised to “review” moving the British embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

The book Britannia Unchained, which Truss co-authored in 2012 with Kwasi Kwarteng, Priti Patel, Dominic Raab, and Chris Skidmore, describes Israel as an example of an innovation superpower whose spending on R&D as a percentage of GDP massively outstrips Britain’s.

Toby Greene noted this month in Fathom Journal (Liz Truss’s world view and its implications for UK-Israel relations) that Truss campaigned for staying in the EU, but “having been rewarded by Johnson in 2019 with the job of Trade Secretary in his first cabinet, she set about fusing her personal brand with that of ‘Global Britain.’ Google ‘Truss’ and ‘trade deal’ for countless images of the former Trade Secretary in front of a Union Jack putting her signature to another bilateral trade deal, including one with Israel.”

Greene believes that Truss’s October 2021 conference speech was revealing about her mental map of the world as she put it: “We must win this battle for economic influence … and this starts with forging closer ties with our friends and allies including: The G7 and NATO; Our Pacific partners like Australia, Japan and Mexico; The great democracy of India and our friends across the Commonwealth; Israel; South Korea; The Gulf states; Those countries who escaped the USSR and fought for freedom like the so-called Visegrad Four and the Baltic 3; And of course our vital strategic partner the United States.”

I told you, she’s a good egg.
Israel and Saudi Arabia: No Longer Enemies But Not Quite Friends
Previously clandestine links between Saudi Arabia and Israel are increasingly visible as some of the Middle East's deep-seated rivalries cautiously give way to pragmatic economic and security ties. Saudi crown prince and de facto leader Mohammed bin Salman is seeking to accelerate his plans to overhaul an oil-reliant economy, while Israel is keen to build on 2020's diplomatic breakthroughs with smaller Gulf nations. "We do not view Israel as an enemy, but rather as a potential ally," Prince Mohammed said earlier this year.

Israel and Gulf nations established largely hidden security ties over shared concerns, especially Iran. But it's primarily the strong economic motivation driving more visible relations now.

The kingdom's religious and regional prominence dictates different political considerations than those of smaller neighbors. In this mixed atmosphere, Saudi officials maintain that a resolution between Israelis and Palestinians remains at the core of their policy.

Normalization is "borderline offensive to keep talking about" and isn't a policy goal in and of itself, Princess Reema bint Bandar, Saudi Arabia's ambassador to the U.S., said in June.

In First, Israeli Diplomat Appointed to Cabinet of Incoming President of UN General Assembly
Sarah Weiss Ma’udi is the first Israeli diplomat ever to be appointed to the Cabinet team of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

Weiss Ma’udi, a veteran Israeli diplomat and legal adviser will serve as a senior adviser and deputy team leader of the legal, budget and reform team at the Cabinet of the UNGA President-elect.

The appointment comes as Hungarian diplomat Csaba Korosi will take over the helm as the 77th President of the UNGA on Sept. 13.

Before her UNGA appointment, Weiss Ma’udi served as a counter-terrorism expert of the permanent mission of Israel to the UN in New York.

During her 2018-2022 tenure, Weiss Ma’udi was elected as the UN Legal Committee’s vice chair to represent the Western Europe and Others Group (WEOG) of countries on the Sixth Committee – the first Israeli to serve in this role in over 20 years, and the first Israeli female diplomat to fill the post.
Report: Lebanon maritime border deal ‘almost complete’ as Israel offers concessions
A border demarcation agreement that will potentially put an end to more than a decade-long maritime dispute between Israel and Lebanon “is almost complete,” according to sources cited Sunday by the Saudi news network Al Arabiya.

According to the reported emerging agreement, Israel’s Karish oil field, which was erected in June in an area near the border that Lebanon claims is contested, will remain under full Israeli control, while gas produced at the nearby Qana oil field will go explicitly to Lebanon.

The Greek-French company, Energean Oil & Gas PLC, which is currently responsible for producing gas from the Karish field, will also be in charge of operating the Qana field, the sources said.

The sources also said that Israel will receive financial compensation from Energean over its profits from the Qana field, in light of Israel’s claims of ownership over parts of that field.

The sources cited by Al Arabiya, described as officials involved in the negotiations, portrayed Israel’s willingness to forego control of the Qana field as a concession that “came as a result” of Hezbollah’s recent threats over the issue.

With gas extraction at the Karish field expected to begin in October, the sources did not rule out additional provocations or attacks carried out by the Iran-backed Lebanese terror group before then, suggesting the group might seek additional Israeli concessions.
Al Hurra, BBC Arabic Correct, Scaling Back Extent of Lebanon-Israel Maritime Dispute
Similarly, Al Hurra had erred: “Israel already works on developing a single drilling site, the Karish field, while Lebanon claims that it is within disputed territorial waters” (Aug. 13; archived version)

In fact, only the northern portion of Karish is in territory claimed by Lebanon as “disputed,” and the rig itself is found entirely in the area both Israel and Lebanon agree is outside Lebanon’s EEZ.

In response to communication from CAMERA Arabic, Alhurra corrected its news item on Aug. 29, and BBC followed suit on Aug. 31. The corrected Al Hurra article now states: “Israel already is working on developing a single drilling site, the Karish field, while Lebanon claims that a part of it is within disputed territorial waters.”

The amended BBC Arabic now accurately reports: “Israel says that the rig it recently put in the Karish field is located within its exclusive economical zone, while Lebanon says a part of the field is located in a disputed area.” BBC Arabic adds: “the territory with Israel, which includes a part of the Karish field.”
Turkey: What Is the Real Terrorist Threat?
Erdogan said that Turkey would freeze Finland and Sweden's NATO membership bids if the Nordic countries do not come into line with Turkey's "fight against terrorist organizations."

That might be a tough task for Finland and Sweden. In 2019, Erdogan notoriously called half of Turks (those who do not vote for him) terrorists. The same year, Erdogan declared the pro-Kurdish People's Democracy Party a terrorist entity. In parliamentary elections in June 2015, that party won 13% of the national vote and 80 seats in the Turkish parliament. Nevertheless, in 2021, Erdogan stated that the students who peacefully protested his appointment of a rector to Bogaziçi University were "terrorists."

If Sweden and Finland do not fight wholeheartedly everyone Erdogan deems a terrorist, does that mean he will veto their membership?

Kavala was acquitted on all charges but, as Erdogan publicly insists that he is a "traitor," he was not released from prison. Upon his acquittal, a prosecutor instantly produced a new indictment against him.

The West should tell Erdogan it is ISIS, not men like Kavala, that is the terror threat to civilization.

Israel, US complete simulated missile defense exercise
The United States and Israel recently completed a simulated joint missile defense exercise, the Israeli Defense Ministry announced on Monday.

The ministry’s Israel Missile Defense Organization, in collaboration with the U.S. Missile Defense Agency, the Israeli Air Defense Command and the U.S. Air and Missile Defense Task Force, conducted the drill at Elbit Systems’ battle lab in Israel in late July, according to the statement.

The exercise examined ways to protect the State of Israel from ballistic missiles.

According to the Defense Ministry, the drill follows a long history of strong cooperation between the two countries’ military forces on joint air defense. The exercise was intended to improve soldiers’ knowledge of tactics, techniques and procedures while also making it easier for the forces to collaborate in the future.

The Israeli military used the Arrow, David’s Sling and Iron Dome air defense systems during the exercise, while the American participants used their Patriot, Aegis and THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) systems.
IDF probe finds ‘high probability’ soldier accidentally killed Shireen Abu Akleh
The military on Monday said there was a “high probability” an Israeli soldier accidentally killed veteran Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh nearly four months ago, based on its investigation into the incident.

The 51-year-old Palestinian-American journalist, who was wearing a vest marked “Press” and a helmet, was killed during clashes between Israeli troops and Palestinian gunmen while covering an Israeli military operation in the Jenin refugee camp in the northern West Bank on May 11.

The Israel Defense Forces initially blamed Palestinian gunmen for the shooting, but later acknowledged that Abu Akleh could also have been killed by Israeli soldiers.

On Monday, a military official told reporters that a soldier had been identified who had “with very high likelihood” shot the journalist by mistake.

“He misidentified her. His reports in real-time point to a misidentification,” the officer said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

Based on the final findings of its probe, the IDF said it was still “not possible to unequivocally determine the source of the gunfire” that killed Abu Akleh, but that “there is a high probability that Abu Akleh was accidentally hit by IDF gunfire fired toward suspects identified as armed Palestinian gunmen during an exchange of fire in which life-threatening, widespread and indiscriminate shots were fired toward IDF soldiers.”

IDF detains 17 Palestinians in series of raids following Sunday's terrorist attacks
The IDF on Monday expanded its months-long Operation Breakwater to crack down on terrorists in Judea and Samaria in the wake of two terrorist attacks on Sunday. The IDF said that in multiple raids on Palestinian towns in the Jenin area in other locations in Samaria, 17 terrorists were arrested.

During the raids troops face rock-throwing attacks and came under attack by provocateurs with Molotov cocktails, which forced the IDF soldiers to fire at the attackers.

The raids were conducted shortly after an improvised explosive device was thrown from a passing vehicle on an Israeli outpost in the Binyamin region in the West Bank overnight Sunday. Four Israeli soldiers were wounded.

The four troops were treated for minor wounds on the scene, though one was transferred to a Tel Aviv-area hospital to remove shrapnel. The military has launched a massive manhunt for the suspects, who managed to flee the scene after attacking. The incident near the village of Nabi Saleh comes amid a wave of violence in the West Bank. Earlier on Sunday, seven people were wounded in a shooting attack on a bus carrying new recruits in the Jordan Valley. Two suspects were arrested.

They were identified as Muhammed and Walid Turkman from the Jenin area in the northern West Bank. The third suspect, who is believed to be their relative, escaped, but the IDF continued the massive manhunt in the Jordan Valley area all through Sunday night and Monday morning. The Shin Bet security agency is questioning the detained attackers.

PreOccupiedTerritory: Europe-Funded Palestinians Fight For Same Illegal Land-Grab (satire)
Two groups of activists with financial backing from separate German political entities clashed today when both attempted to construct unauthorized buildings in territory allocated to Israel under agreements in the 1990’s. The fighting injured six, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent Society.

A collection of Palestinians and foreign visitors arrived at a hilltop in Area C – which the Oslo Accords of 1993 placed under full Israel civil and military auspices – to set up a makeshift school Sunday, only to discover that others, with support from a different faction, had arrived earlier and had already set up their own structures that, if or when the IDF demolishes them to enforce both property law and Palestinian-Israeli agreement provisions, will provide emotionally-resonant images of Jews mistreating helpless Arabs. Heated exchanges of words soon escalated to fisticuffs and objects thrown. Members of the group that arrived second managed to tear down most of the structures the first group had erected, and ambulances had to take three injury victims to hospitals in nearby Ramallah. Three others were treated at the scene and released.

“This is our land-grab,” insisted Hans Beider-Manhoff of the Roza Luxemburg Foundation. “We provided the funding for an ostensible school and playground, and were going to start busing in Palestinian children who live nowhere near here. But this other group here, who wouldn’t know a legitimate political move if it bulldozed them – which is no more or less than they deserve – seems to think they can just muscle in on our facts-on-the-ground seizure of territory for Palestine. Not today, my friends. Not today.”
Tempers Flare between Hamas, Islamic Jihad over Errant Rocket Compensation
Hamas and Islamic Jihad held a meeting on Aug. 22 in Gaza City. Tension was high at the meeting, where Hamas called on Islamic Jihad to financially compensate the families of the civilian victims who were killed by its rockets that fell inside the Gaza Strip. Sources said that Islamic Jihad denied that any of its rockets fell inside Gaza and rejected any responsibility.

An investigation team consisting of members of the Gaza ministries of interior and health collected evidence indicating that Palestinians were killed by locally made rockets. "The investigation team got their hands on rocket shrapnel and local missiles that fell in residential neighborhoods," a source added.

Islamic Jihad's denial seems at least partially an effort to avoid paying financial compensation to the families of the victims, at a time when it is suffering from a stifling financial crisis.

Seth Frantzman: Why is Syria being placed in the spotlight this week?
In the previous two weeks, Syria has been in the spotlight because of Iran’s moves in the region. This includes Iranian threats to US forces in eastern Syria and Iran’s attempts to continue entrenching in Syria.

Iran stations weapons in Syria as well as moving them through to Hezbollah and works with militant and terrorist groups in Syria.

Syria is also divided between zones that are controlled by the US and zones that are controlled by Turkey as well as areas dominated by Russia, Iran and the Syrian regime. This makes the country incredibly complex.

While Syria’s complexity and division is not new, it does appear to have been in focus in the last weeks. Will that continue to mean the country is somehow “in play” between the various countries that compete within Syria?

Alleged Israeli airstrikes in Syria
Last week, Syria alleged Israel carried out airstrikes on Aleppo and Damascus airports, a claim repeated by Iranian media.

A report by ImageSat International (ISI) noted that Aleppo International Airport was damaged in an airstrike on August 31. The same report said the airport had been repaired and had “probably returned to service,” which indicates the Syrian regime may want to enable Iran to continue to move weapons via Syria.

At the same time, UK-based Asharq al-Awsat reported that Russia had called on Iran to withdraw from areas in central and western Syria.

“Russia’s demand was made during a meeting that included three Russian officers and their Iranian counterparts at the Hama Military Airport in central Syria on Wednesday. ‘Russian officers informed the Iranian side of the need to evacuate Iranian military headquarters near the site of Regiment 49, which belongs to the Syrian regime forces,’ a source told Asharq Al-Awsat. The Regiment 49 site is one of the most important military sites in western Hama because it houses long-range S-200 missiles and other Russian-made military equipment,” the report said.

Seth Frantzman: Iranian media blames 'Zionists,' Jews, the US for grounded plane
In early August, the US Justice Department said it was seeking to seize a mysterious plane that was flying around South America. It was a Venezuelan 747 cargo jet, CBS News said, but it was “previously owned by an Iranian airline that allegedly has ties to terror groups.” It had been grounded in Argentina since early June. The plane was stuck in Argentina, but some of its crew had left the country. It was already in the spotlight of various online sleuths and others.

Iranian media has now published its own account about the cargo plane. The son of the pilot has alleged that Israel, the US and Argentinian Jews are behind a plot to keep the plane and its crew grounded, Before going into the Iranian claims, it’s worth knowing what happened.

“The US request sent to Argentina followed the unsealing of a warrant in federal court in the District of Columbia that was issued last month and that argues the US-made plane should be forfeited because of violations of US export control law,” the CBS report said in August. The plane had been “transferred from Iranian airline Mahan Air - which officials have alleged provides support for Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps-Quds Force - to Emtrasur, a subsidiary of Venezuela's state-owned Consorcio Venezolano de Industrias Aeronáuticas y Servicios Aéreos, or CONVIASA. CONVIASA is under US sanctions.”

The cargo jet had arrived in Argentina on June 6 after a flight from Mexico. It had supposedly also tried to land in Uruguay. It had a crew of 14 Venezuelans and five Iranians. Iran and Venezuela are allies. Iran has sold Caracas drones in recent years and sent ships and trade via Venezuela.

The Venezuelan jet's IRGC connection
Two weeks after the reports emerged, Venezuelans protested against the grounding of the plane. This was clearly a regime-sponsored protest. Reports said at the time that one of the crew was named Gholamreza Ghasemi, “an Iranian linked to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, a powerful Iranian military service, separate from the regular army, which operates the Quds Force and is considered a terrorist organization by the US government,” the Wilson Center said in a report.

That same report says that “the United States and Israel had reportedly provided information about the plane’s Iranian connections and about Ghasemi, who had served as chief executive officer of Fars Qeshm Air, which the United States accuses of supplying arms and sensitive equipment to Iran’s proxies in Syria and Lebanon. Turkish and Brazilian authorities also reportedly provided Argentina information on the aircraft and its Iranian connections.”
"Catastrophic" Iran Nuclear Deal Could Lift Sanctions on Killers of U.S. Marines in Lebanon
Leaked audio from the Iranian regime's parliament reveal the controversial nuclear agreement could enable Tehran to partially bypass U.S. congressional review of the atomic accord. That, according to one report, could mean the lifting of sanctions on Iran and senior officials involved in the mass murder of 241 American service personnel in 1983 in Beirut, Lebanon.

The leaked audio included a briefing by Ali Bagheri-Kani, the lead Iranian negotiator to the nuclear talks in Vienna, to its parliament (Majlis) in Tehran earlier last week.

Gabriel Noronha, a former special adviser for Iran in the U.S. State Department, analyzed Bagheri-Kani's briefing. Noronha wrote in a report that the proposed Iran deal is "designed to partially circumvent congressional review of the deal under the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act."

According to the revelations in his report, the Biden administration agreed to lift U.S. Executive Order 13876, which targets the theocratic state's Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and President Ebrahim Raisi, as well as the former Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) Brig. Gen. Hossein Dehghan, Noronha noted. Dehghan was responsible for the 1983 bombing of a U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut.
Iran-linked hackers release Mossad chief’s medical records, personal photos
Hackers linked to Iran have published personal photos and medical records of Mossad intelligence agency chief David Barnea, Israeli media reported on Sunday.

The hackers reportedly accessed the cellular phone of Barnea’s wife, according to I24 News. The stolen files were released on the eve of the Mossad director’s visit to Washington, D.C., for a series of meetings with senior American officials over the possibility of reviving the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement.

The leaked files, published on the hackers’ Telegram account, include the results of blood tests and medical examinations, and even a photo of Barnea from the 2016 U23 European Judo Championships in Tel Aviv, the report said.

In March, the same Telegram account published other personal documents allegedly belonging to the Mossad director. Israeli sources said at the time that the files, which were also obtained from the cellphone of Barnea’s wife, were old.

Barnea departed for the United States on Monday. His itinerary includes a series of meetings with senior officials from the White House, the CIA, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Pentagon, the State Department and other defense organizations
Israeli Ambassador to the UN voices concerns over possible Iran nuclear deal
Senior US Correspondent Mike Wagenheim speaks to Israeli Ambassador to the United Nations Gilad Erdan on the Iran nuclear negotiations

Iran targets Baha'i minority accusing members of spying for Israel
Baha'i world headquarters are located in northern Israel, and members of the faith from around the world make the pilgrimage there.

Professor Uzi Rabi, director of the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle East Studies at Tel Aviv University, discusses why the Iranian regime is targeting the minority group.

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