Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics came out with its annual Rosh Hashanah report on Israeli and worldwide Jewish populations.
This year, there are 6,940,000 Jews living in Israel, compared to 15,200,000 Jews worldwide.
This means that 45.7% of all Jews live in Israel, today.
I looked at the Jewish population worldwide and in Israel since 1970. Here is my graph, with a forecast going to the year 2030: